Publications


2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005
2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994
1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 Theses

2015

Alkire, M.B. and Jacobson, A. (in review) Investigating the role of Small, Arctic River Flows (SCARFs) to the freshwater budget of the Arctic and subarctic seas, Eos.

Bauska, T.K., Joos, F., Roth, R., Mix, A.C., Ahn, J., and Brook, E.J. (in revision) Pre-industrial atmospheric carbon dioxide controlled by land carbon during the last millennium. Nature.

Hong, W.L., Torres, M.E., Johnson, J., Verba, C., and Phillips, S. (in review) Source and diagenetic impact of methane at southern Hydrate Ridge over the past 120 ky. Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

Gulick S., Jaeger, J., Mix, A.C., and Expedition 341 Science Party (in revision) Nonlinear feedback between tectonic uplift and glacial erosion calibrated in SE Alaska. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

McManus, J., Severmann, S., Cohen, A.S., McKay, J.L., Poulson Brucker, R.L., Wheatcroft, R., Hartwell, A.M., and Montanye, B.R. (in review). The sedimentary response to a rapid change in lake level in Lake Tanganyika. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.

Praetorius, S.K., Mix, A.C., Davies, M.H., Wolhowe, M.D., and Prahl, F.G. (in review) North Pacific deglacial hypoxic events linked to abrupt ocean warming. Nature.

Ramirez, M.D, Avens, L., Seminoff, J.A., Goshe, L.R., and Heppell, S.S. (in review). Patterns of ontogenetic shifts in juvenile loggerhead sea turtles of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. Ecology.

Wehrmann, L.M., Ockert, C., Mix, A., Gussone, N., Teichert, B.M.A., and P. Meister, P. (in press) Repeated occurrences of methanogenic zones, diagenetic dolomite formation and linked silicate alteration in southern Bering Sea sediments (Bowers Ridge, IODP Exp. 323 Site U1341). Deep Sea Research. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography (online 25 Sept. 2013).

2014

Bauch, D., Torres-Valdes, S., Polyakov, I., Novikhin, A., Dmitrenko, I., McKay, J., and Mix, A. (2014). Halocline water modification and along slope advection at the Laptev Sea continental margin. Ocean Science, 10, 141-154, doi:10.5194/os-10-141-2014

Bauska, T.K., Brook, E.J., Mix, A.C., and Ross, A. (2014) High-precision dual-inlet IRMS measurements of the stable isotopes of CO2 and the N2O/CO2 ratio from polar ice core samples. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 3825-3837, doi:10.5194/amt-7-3825-2014

Davies-Walczac, M.H., Mix, A.C., Stoner, J.S., Southon, J.R., Cheseby, M., and Xuan, C. (2014) Late Glacial to Holocene radiocarbon constraints on North Pacific Intermediate Water ventilation and deglacial atmospheric CO2 sources, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 397, 57-66.

Goñi, M.A., Moore, E., Kurtz, A., Portier, E., Alleau, Y., and Merrell, D. (2014) Organic matter compositions and loadings in soils and sediments along the Fly River, Papua New Guinea. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 140, 275-296.

Hong, W.L., Torres, M.E., Kim, J.H., Choi, J., and Bahk, J.J. (2014) Towards quantifying the reaction network around the sulfate–methane-transition-zone in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea, with a kinetic modeling approach, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 140(1), 127-141.

Jackson, J.M., Lique, C., Alkire, M., Steele, M., Lee, C.M., Smethie, W.M., and Schlosser, P., (2014). On the waters upstream of Nares Strait, Arctic Ocean, from 1991-2012, Continental Shelf Research, 73, 83-96.

Kienast, S.S., Friedrich, T., Dubois, N., Hill, P.S., Timmermann, A., Kienast, M., and Mix, A.C. (2014) Near collapse of the meridional SST gradient in the eastern equatorial Pacific during the Heinrich Stadial 1. Paleoceanography, 28, 1–12, doi:10.1002/2013PA002499

Marias, D.E., Meinzer, F.C., Woodruff, D.R., Shaw, D.C., Voelker, S.L., Brooks, J.R., Lachenbruch, B., Falk, K., and McKay, J. (2014). Impacts of dwarf mistletoe on the physiology of host Tsuga heterophylla trees as recorded in tree ring C and O stable isotopes. Tree Physiology, 34, 595-607.

McKay, J.L. and Pedersen, T.F., (2014). Geochemical response to pulsed sedimentation: Implications for the use of Mo as a paleo-proxy. Chemical Geology, 382, 83-94.

Praetorius, S. K., & Mix, A. C. (2014). Synchronization of North Pacific and Greenland climates preceded abrupt deglacial warming. Science, 345(6195), 444-448.

Reisdorph, S.C. and Mathis, J.T. (2014) The dynamic controls on carbonate mineral saturation states and ocean acidification in a glacially dominated estuary. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 144, 8-18.

Reyes, A.V., Carlson, A.E., Beard, B.L., Hatfield, R.G., Stoner, J.S., Winsor, K., Welke, B., and Ullman, D.J. (2014) South Greenland ice-sheet collapse during Marine Isotope Stage 11. Nature, 510, 525-528, doi:10.1028/nature13456

Saffell, B., Meinzer, R.C., Voelker, S.L., Shaw, D.C., Brooks, J.R., Lachenbruch, B., and McKay, J. (2014). Tree-ring stable isotopes record the impact of a foliar fungal pathogen on CO2 assimilation and growth in Douglas-fir. Plant, Cell & Environment, doi: 10.111/pce.12256

Schilt, A., Brook, E.J., Bauska, T.K., Baggenstos, D., Fischer, H., Joos, F., Petrenko, V.V., Schaefer, H., Schmitt, J., Severinghaus, J.P., Spahni, R., and Stocker, T.F. (2014) Isotopic constraints on marine and terrestrial N2O emissions during the last deglaciation. Nature, 516, 234-237. Doi:10.1038/nature13971

Scholz, F., McManus, J., Mix, A.C., Hensen, C., and Schneider, R.R. (2014) The impact of ocean deoxygenation on iron release from continental margin sediments. Nature Geoscience, 7, 433-437, doi:10.1038/NGEO2162

Wolhowe, M.D., Prahl, F.G., White, A.E., Popp, B.N., and Rosas-Navarro, A. (2014) A biomarker perspective on coccolithophorid growth and export in a stratified sea. Progress in Oceanography, 122, 65-76.

2013

Arbuszewski, J.A., deMenocal, P.B., Cléroux, C., Bradtmiller, L., Mix, A. (2013) Meridional shifts of the Atlantic intertropical convergence zone since the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature Geoscience, 6(11), 959-962.

Cross, J.N., Mathis, J.T., Bates, N.R., and Byrne, R.H. (2013). Conservative and non-conservative variations of total alkalinity on the Southeastern Bering Sea Shelf. Marine Chemistry, Marche-D-12-00149R1.

Fietz S., Prahl F. G., Moraleda N., and Rosell-Mele A. (2013) Eolian transport of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) off northwest Africa. Organic Geochemistry, 64, 112-118.

Galbraith, E.D., Kienast, M., Albuquerque, A.L., Altabet, M.A., Batista, F., Bianchi, D., Calvert, S.E., Contreras S., Crosta, X., De Pol-Holz, R., Dubois N., Etourneau, J., Francois, R., Hsu, T.-C., Ivanochko, T., Jaccard, S.L., Kao, S.-J., Kiefer, T., Kienast, S., Lehmann, M.F., Martinez, M. McCarthy, A. N. Meckler, A. Mix, J. Möbius, T.F. Pedersen, L. Pichevin, T.M. Quan, R.S. Robinson, E. Ryabenko, A. Schmittner, R. Schneider, A. Schneider-Mor, P., Shigemitsu, M., Sinclair, D., Somes, C., Studer, A.S., Tesdal, J.-E., Thunell. R., and Yang, J.-Y. (2013) The acceleration of oceanic denitrification during deglacial warming. Nature Geosciences, 6, 579–584, doi:10.1038/ngeo1832

Goñi, M.A., Hatten, J.A., Wheatcroft R.A., and Borgeld J. (2013) Particulate organic matter export by two contrating small mountainous rivers in the Pacific Northwest, U.S.A. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 118, 112-134 (doi:10.1002/jgrg.20024).

Goñi, M.A., O’Connor, A., Kuzyk, Z.Z., Yunker, M., and Gobeil, C. (2013) Distribution and sources of organic matter in surface sediments across the North American Arctic margin. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 118, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20286

Hatfield, R.G., Stoner, J.S., Carlson, A.E., Reyes, A.V., and Housen, B.A. (2013) Source as a controlling factor on the quality and interpretation of sediment magnetic records from the northern North Atlantic: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 368, 69-77.

Hong, W.-L., Torres, M.E., Kim, J.-H., Choi, J., and Bahk, J.-J. (2013) Carbon cycling within the sulfate-methane-transition-zone in marine sediments from the Ulleung Basin. Biogeochemistry, 1-20.

Jew, N. P., Erlandson, J.M., Rick, T.C., and Watts, J. (2013) Shellfish, seasonality, and sedentism: δ18O analysis of California mussels from Holocene shell middens on San Miguel Island, California. Journal of Pacific Archaeology, 4(2), 58-68.

Joseph, C.E., Campbell, K.A., Torres, M.E., Martin, R.A., Pohlman, J.W., Riedel, M., and Rose, K. (2013) Methane-derived authigenic carbonates from modern and paleoseeps on the Cascadia Margin: Mechanisms of formation and diagenetic signals. Paleaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 390, 52-67.

Kim, J-H, Torres, M.E., Hong, W-L, Choi, J., Riedel, M., Bahk, J-J., and Kim, S-H. (2013) Pore fluid chemistry from the UBGH2 Expedition: Source, mechanisms and consequences fluid freshening in the central part of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea. Journal Marine Petroleum Geology, 47, 99-122.

Nithirojpakdee, P., Beamish, F.W.H., and Boonphakdee, T. (2013) Diet diversity among five co-existing fish species in a tropical river: integration of dietary and stable isotope data. Limnology, doi: 10.1007/s10201-013-0418-8

Schmittner, A., Mix, A.C., Key, R.M., Gruber, N., Tagliabue, A., and Westberry, T. (2013) Biology and air–sea gas exchange controls on the distribution of carbon isotope ratios (δ 13C) in the ocean, Biogeosciences 10 (5), 8415-8466.

Waldbusser, G.G., Brunner, E.L., Haley, B.A., Hales, B., Langdon C.J., and Prahl, F.G. (2013) A developmental and energetic basis linking larval oyster shell formation to acidification sensitivity. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(10), 2171-2176.

White, A.E., Foster, R.A., Benitez-Nelson, C.R., Masque, P., Verdeny, E., Popp B. N., Arthur K. E., and Prahl F. G. (2013) Nitrogen fixation in the Gulf of California and the Eastern Tropical North Pacific. Progress in Oceanography, 109, 1-17.

Yamamoto-Kawai, M., McLaughlin, F.A., and Carmack, E.C. (2013) Ocean acidification in the three oceans surrounding northern North America, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 6274-6284, doi:10.1002/2013JC009157.

2012

Addison, J.A., Finney, B.P., Dean, W.E., Davies, M.H., Mix, A.C., Stoner, J.S., and Jaeger, J.M. (2012) Productivity and sedimentary d15N variability for the last 17,000 years along the northern Gulf of Alaska continental slope. Paleoceanography 27, PA1206, doi:10.1029/2011PA002161, 17pp.

Carlson, A.E., and Winsor, K. (2012) Northern Hemisphere ice-sheet responses to past climate warming, Nature Geoscience, 5, 607-613.

Ersek, V., Clark, P.U., Mix, A.C., Cheng, H., and Edwards, R.L. (2012) Holocene winter climate variability in mid-latitude western North America. Nature Communications. doi: 10.1038/ncomms2222

Hastings, R.H., Goñi, M.A., Wheatcroft R.A., and Borgeld J. (2012) A terrestrial organic matter depocenter on a high-energy margin: the Umpqua River system, Oregon. Continental Shelf Research, 39-40, 78-91, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2012.04.002

Hatten, J.A., Goñi, M.A., and Wheatcroft, R.A. (2012) Chemical characteristics of particulate organic matter from a small mountainous river in the Oregon Coast Range, USA. Biogeochemistry, 107, 43-66, doi:10.1007/s10533-010-9529-z

Morison, J., Kwok, R., Peralta-Ferriz, C., Alkire, M., Rigor, I., Andersen, R., and Steele, M. (2012) Changes in Arctic Ocean freshwater pathways, Nature, 481, 66-70, doi:10.1038/nature10705.

Tesi, T., Langone, L., Goñi, M.A., Wheatcroft, R.A., Miserocchi, S., and Bertotti, L. (2012) Early diagenesis of recently deposited organic matter: A 9-yr time-series study of a flood deposit. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 83, 19-36.

Winsor, K., Carlson, A.E., Klinkhammer, G.P. Stoner, J.S., and Hatfield, R.H. (2012) Evolution of the northeast Labrador Sea during the last interglaciation: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, doi: 10.1029/2012GC004263.

Yu, P-S., Kienast, M., Chen, M-T., Cacho, I., Flores, J-A., Mohtadi, M., and Mix, A.C. (2012) Subpolar influences on equatorial Pacific cold 1 tongue variability during the past 160 kyr as revealed by faunal evidence of planktic foraminifers. Journal of Quaternary Science, 27, 921-931, doi:10.1002/jqs.2

2011

Davies, M.H., Mix, A.C., Stoner, J.S., Addison, J.A., Jaeger, J., Finney, B., and Wiest, J. (2011) The deglacial transition on the southeastern Alaska Margin: Meltwater input, sea level rise, marine productivity, and sedimentary anoxia. Paleoceanography, 26, PA2223, doi:10.1029/2010PA002051.

Dubois, N., Kienast, M., Kienast, S., Normandeau, C., Calvert, S.E., Herbert, T.D., and Mix, A.C. (2011) Millennial-scale hydrographic variations and biogeochemical adjustments in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 210-233.

Holser R.R., Goñi M.A., and Hales B. (2011) Design and application of a semi-automated filtration system to study the distribution of particulate organic carbon in the water column of a coastal upwelling system. Marine Chemistry, 123, 67-77.

Lund, D.C., Mix, A.C., and Southon, J. (2011) Increased ventilation age of the deep northeast Pacific Ocean during the last deglaciation. Nature Geosciences, 4, 771-774, doi:10.1038/ngeo1272.

McLaughlin, F., Carmack, E., Proshutinski, A., Krishfield, R.A., Guay, C., Yamamoto-Kawai, M., Jackson, J.M., and Williams, B. (2011) The rapid response of the Canada Basin to climate forcing: From bellwether to alarm bells. Oceanography, 24(3), 146-159, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.66.

Torres, M.E., Zima, D., Falkner, K.K, Macdonald, R.W., O’Brien, M., Schöne, B.R., and Siferd, T. (2011) Hydrographic changes in Nares Strait (Canadian Arctic Archipelago) in recent decades based on δ18O profiles of bivalve shells. The Arctic Journal, 64, 45-58.

Yamamoto-Kawai, M., McLaughlin, F.A., Carmack, E.C. (2011) Effects of ocean acidification, warming and melting of sea ice on aragonite saturation of the Canada Basin surface water. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L03601, doi:10.1029/2010GL045501.

2010

Alkire, M.B., Falkner, K.K., Boyd, T., and Macdonald, R.W. (2010). Sea-ice melt and meteoric water distributions in Baffin Bay and the Canadian Arctic archipelago. Journal of Marine Research, 68(6), 767-798.

Alkire, M.B., Falkner, K.K., Morison, J., Collier, R.W., Guay, C.K., Desiderio, R.A., Rigor, I.G., and McPhee, M. (2010). Sensor-based profiles of the NO parameter in the central Arctic and southern Canada Basin: new insights regarding the cold halocline, Deep-Sea Research I, 57, 1432-1443.

Ersek, V., Mix, A.C., and Clark, P.U. (2010) Variations of d18O in rainwater from southwestern Oregon. Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres), 115, doi:10.1029/2009JD013345.

Holbourn, A., Kuhnt, W., Regenberg, M., Schulz, M., Mix, A., and Andersen, N. (2010) Does Antarctic glaciation force migration of the tropical rain belt? Geology, 38, 783-786, doi: 10.1130/G31043.1.

Kayler, Z. Ganio, L., Hauck, M., Pypker, T., Sulzman, E.W., Mix A., and Bond, B.J. (2010) Bias and uncertainty of 13CO2 isotopic mixing models. Oecologia, 163, 227-234, doi:10.1007/s00442-009-1531-6

Kayler, Z.E., Sulzman, E.W., Rugh, W.D., Mix, A.C., and Bond, B.J. (2010) Characterizing the impact of diffusive and advective soil gas transport on the measurement and interpretation of the isotopic signal of soil respiration. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42(3), 434-444.

Kusch, S., Eglinton, T.I., Mix, A.C., and Mollenhauer, G. (2010) Timescales of lateral sediment transport in the Panama Basin as revealed by radiocarbon ages of alkenones, total organic carbon and foraminifera, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 290, 340-350.

Muratli, J.M., Chase, Z., Mix, A.C., and McManus, J. (2010) Increased ice-age influence of the Chilean Margin by Antarctic Intermediate Water. Nature Geosciences, doi:10.1038, 4pp (published online 13 December 2009).

Muratli, J.M., Chase, Z., McManus, J. and Mix, A.C. (2010) Ice-sheet control of continental erosion in central and southern Chile (36°-41°S) over the last 30.000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29, 3230-3239.

Phillips, C.L., Nickerson, N., Risk, D., Kayler, Z., Andersen, C., Mix, A.C., and Bond, B.J. (2010) Soil Moisture effects on the carbon isotope composition of soil respiration. Rapid Commuications in Mass Spectrometry, 24, 1271–1280, doi:10.1002/rcm.4511.

Somes, C., Schmittner, A., Mix, A., Letelier, R., Galbraith, E., Lehmann, M.F., Altabet, M., Montoya, J., Eby, M., and Bourbonnais, A. (2010) Simulating the Global Distribution of Nitrogen Isotopes in the Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, doi:10.1029/2009GB003767.

Yamamoto-Kawai, M., Carmack, E.C., McLaughlin, F.A., and Falkner, K.K. (2010) Oxygen isotope ratio, barium and salinity in coastal waters along the North America from the Pacific to the Atlantic: Implications for freshwater sources to the Arctic throughflow, Journal of Marine Research, 68, 97-117.
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2009

Goñi, M.A., Aceves, H. Benitez-Nelson, B., Tappa, E., Thunell, R., Black, D.E., Muller-Karger, F., Astor, Y., and Varela, R. (2009) Oceanographic and climatologic controls on the compositions and fluxes of biogenic materials in the water column and sediments of Cariaco Basin over the Late Holocene. Deep Sea Research Part I, 56, 614-640, DOI:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.11.010.

Heuer, V.B., Pohlman, J.W., Torres, M.E., Elvert, M., and Hinrichs, K.-U. (2009) The stable carbon isotope biogeochemistry of acetate and other dissolved carbon species in deep sub-seafloor sediments at the northern Cascadia Margin. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73, 3323-3336. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2009.03.001

Kayler, Z.E., Ganio, L., Hauck, M., Pypker, T.G., Sulzman, E.W., Mix, A.C., and Bond, B.J. (2009) Bias and uncertainty of δ13CO2 isotopic mixing models. Oecologia doi:10.1007/s00442-009-1531-6.

Klinkhammer, G.P., Mix, A.C., and Haley, B.A. (2009) Increased dissolved terrestrial input to the coastal ocean during the last deglaciation. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10(3), Q0309, doi:10.1029/2008GC002219, 1-11.

Lopes, C. and Mix, A.C. (2009) Pleistocene megafloods in the Northeast Pacific. Geology, 37(1), 79-82.

Pypker, T.G., Barnard, H.R., Hauck, M., Sulzman, E.W., Unsworth, M.H., Mix, A.C. Kennedy, A., and Bond, B.J. (2009) Can carbon isotopes be used to predict watershed scale transpiration? Water Resources Research, 45, W00D35, doi:10.1029/2008WR007050, 12pp.

Torres, M.E., Embley, R.W., Merle, S.G., Trehu, A.M., Collier, R.W. Suess, E. and Heeschen, K. (2009) Methane sources feeding cold seeps on the shelf and upper continental slope off central Oregon, USA. Geochemistry. Geophysics, Geosystems, volume 10 doi:10.1029/2009GC002518.

Torres, M.E., Collett, T.S., Rose, K., Sample, J., Agena, W., and Rosembaum, E. (2009) Pore Fluid Geochemistry From The Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope. Journal of Marine Petroleum Geology. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2009.10.001.

Walinsky, S.E., Prahl, F.G., Mix, A.C., Finney, B.P., Jaeger, J.M., and Rosen, G.P. (2009) Distribution and composition of organic matter in surface sediments of coastal Southeast Alaska. Continental Shelf Research, 29(13), 1565-1579.

Wolhowe, M.D., Prahl, F.G., Probert, I., and Maldonado, M. (2009) Growth phase dependant hydrogen isotopic fractionation in alkenone-producing haptophytes. Biogeosciences, 6, 1681-1694.

Yamamoto-Kawai, M., Carmack, E.C., McLaughlin, F.A., Nishino, S., and Shimada, K. (2009) Aragonite undersaturation in the Arctic Ocean: effects of ocean acidification and sea ice melt, Science, 326, 1098-1100, doi:10.1126/science.1174790.

Yamamoto-Kawai, M., McLaughlin, F.A., Carmack, E.C., Nishino, S., Shimada, K. and Kurita, N. (2009) Surface freshening of the Canada Basin in 2003-2007: River runoff vs. sea ice meltwater, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, doi:10.1029/2008JC00500.
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2008

Carmack, E., McLaughlin, F., Yamamoto-Kawai, M., Itoh, M., Shimada, K., Krishfield, R., and Proshutinsky, A. (2008) Freshwater Storage in the Northern Ocean and the Special Role of the Beaufort Gyre, in Arctic-subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the role of the Northern Seas in Climate, Bob Dickson, Jens Meincke and Peter Rhines (eds.), Springer-Verlag.

Goñi, M.A., Monacci, N., Gisewhite, R., Crockett, J., Nittrouer, C., Ogston, A., Alin, S. R., Aalto, R. (2008) Terrigenous organic matter in sediments from the Fly River Delta (Papua New Guinea). Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, F01S10, doi:10.1029/2006JF00065.

Kayler, Z., Sulzman, E., Marshall, J., Mix, A., Rugh, W., and Bond, B. (2008) A laboratory comparison of two methods used to estimate the isotopic composition of soil δ13CO2 efflux at steady-state. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 22(16), 2533-2538.

Pypker, T.G., Hauck, M., Sulzman, E.W., Unsworth, M.H., Mix, A.C., Kayler, Z., Conklin, D., Kennedy, A., Barnard, H.R., Phillips, C., and Bond, B.J. (2008) Toward using d13C of ecosystem respiration to monitor canopy physiology in complex terrain. Oecologia, 158, 399-410.

Torres, M.E. and Kastner, M. (2008) Clues about carbon cycling in methane bearing sediments using stable isotopes of the dissolved inorganic carbon: Data report, IODP Exp 311. In Riedel, M., Collett, T.S., Malone, M.J., and the Expedition 311 Scientists, Proc. IODP, 311: Washington, DC (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.311.206.2009.

Yamamoto-Kawai, M., McLaughlin, F.A., Carmack, E.C., Nishino, S., and Shimada, K. (2008) Freshwater budget of the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean from salinity, δ18O and nutrients, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C01007, doi:10.1029/2006JC003858.
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2007

Alkire, M.B., Falkner, K.K., Rigor, I., Steele, M., and Morison, J. (2007) The return of Pacific waters to the upper layrs of the central Arctic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research I, 54, 1509-1529.

de Garidel-Thoron T., Rosenthal, Y., Beaufort, L., Bard, E., Sonzogni, C., and Mix, A.C. (2007) A multiproxy assessment of the western equatorial Pacific hydrography during the last 30 kyr. Paleoceanography, 22, PA3204, doi:10.1029/2006PA001269.

Goñi, M.A., Alleau, Y., Corbett, R., Walsh, J.P., Mallinson, D., Allison, M.A., Gordon, E., Petsch, S., Dellapenna, T. (2007) The effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on the seabed of the Louisiana shelf. The Sedimentary Record, 5, 4-9.

Kienast, S.S., Kienast, M., Mix, A.C., Calvert, S.E., and Francois, R. (2007) Thorium-230 normalized particle flux and sediment focusing in the Panama Basin region during the last 30,000 years. Paleoceanography, 22(2), PA2213, 1-19.

McQuay, E., Torres, M.R., Collier, R.W., Huh, C.-A., and McManus, J. (2007) Contribution of cold seep barite to the barium geochemical budget of a marginal basin. Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanography Research Paper, 55(6), 801-811.

Pypker, T.G., Unsworth, M.H., Lamb, B., Allwine, E., Edburg, S., Sulzman, E., Mix, A.C., and Bond, B.J. (2007) Cold air drainage in a forested valley: Investigating the feasibility of monitoring ecosystem metabolism. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 145, 149-166.

Pypker, T.G., Unsworth, M.H., Mix, A.C., Rugh, W., Ocheltree, T., Alstad, K., and Bond, B.J. (2007) Using nocturnal cold air drainage flow to monitor ecosystem processes in complex terrain. Ecological Applications, 17(3), 702-714.

Robinson, R.S., Mix, A., and Martinez, P. (2007), Southern Ocean control on the extent of denitrification in the southeast Pacific over the last 70 ka. Quaternary Science Reviews, 26, 201-212.

White, A.E., Prahl, f.G., Letelier, R.M., and Popp, B.N. (2007) Summer surface waters in the Gulf of California: prime habitatefor biological N2 fixation. Global Biogeochemical Cycless, 21 (GB2017), doi:10.1029/2006GB002779
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2006

Benway, H.M., Mix, A.C., Haley, B.A., and Klinkhammer, G.A. (2006) Eastern Pacific Warm Pool paleosalinity and climate variability: 0-30 ky. Paleoceanography, 21, PA3008, doi:10.1029/2005PA001208, 1-11.

Clark, P.U., Archer, D., Pollard, D., Blum, J.D., Rial, J.A., Brovkin, V., Mix, A.C., Pisias, N.G., and Roy, M. (2006) The Middle Pleistocene Transition: Characteristics, Mechanisms, and Implications for Long-Term Changes in Atmospheric pCO2. Quaternary Science Reviews, 25, 3150-3184.

Heusser, L., Heusser, C., McManus, J., and Mix, A. (2006) Chilean and Southeast Pacific paleoclimate variations during the last glacial cycle: directly-correlated pollen and d18O records from ODP Site 1234. Quaternary Science Reviews, 25, 3404-3415.

Kienast, M., Kienast, S.S., Calvert, S.E., Eglinton, T.I., Mollenhauer, G., Francois, R., and Mix, A.C. (2006) Eastern Pacific cooling and Atlantic overturning circulation during the last deglaciation. Nature, 443, 846-849.

Mix, A.C. (2006) Running hot and cold in the eastern equatorial Pacific. Quaternary Science Reviews, 25, 1147-1149.

Prahl, F.G., Mix, A.C., and Sparrow, M.A. (2006) Alkenone Paleothermometry: Biological Lessons from Marine Sediment Records off Western South America. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 70, 101-117.

Torres, M.E. and Rugh, W.D. (2006). Isotopic characterization of the dissolved inorganic carbon in pore waters recovered during leg 204: Data report. In: Trehu, A.M., Bohrmann, G. Torres, M.E. and Colwell, F. (eds.) Proc. ODP. Sci. Results, 204: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program). http://www-odp.tamu.edu/publications/204_SR/204sr.htm.
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2005

Lyle, M., Mitchell, N., Pisias, N., Mix, A., Martinez, J.I., and Paytan, A. (2005) Do geochemical estimates of sediment focusing in the equatorial Pacific pass the sediment test in the equatorial Pacific? Paleoceanography, 20, PA1005, doi:10.1029/2004PA001019, 15pp.

Morey, A.E., Mix, A.C., and Pisias, N.G. (2005) Planktonic foraminiferal assemblages preserved in surface sediments correspond to multiple environmental variables. Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, 925-950.

Prahl F.G., Popp B.N., and Valdez-Holguin E. (2005) Nitrogen fixation in summertime surface waters of the Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California. EOS, Transaction of American Geophysical Union, 2005AGUFMOS34A.

Roy, D., Hall, R., Bonnichsen, R., and Mix, A.C. (2005), Using Stable-Isotope Analysis to Obtain Dietary Profiles from Old Hair: A Case Study from Plains Indians. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 128, 444-452, (published online, March 2005, msa jpa-2003-00258).

Torres, M.E., Mix, A.C., and Rugh, W. (2005) Precise d13C analysis of dissolved inorganic carbon in natural waters using automated headspace sampling and continuous-flow mass spectrometry. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 3, 349-360.

Vacco, D., Clark, P.U., Mix, A.C., Cheng, H., and Edwards, L. (2005) A speleothem record of Younger Dryas cooling, Klamath Mountains, Oregon, USA. Quaternary Research, 64, 249-256.
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2004

Benway, H.M. and Mix, A.C. (2004) Oxygen isotopes, upper-ocean salinity, and precipitation sources in the Eastern Tropical Pacific. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 224, 493-507.

Clark, P.U., McCabe, A.M., Mix, A.C., and Weaver, A.J. (2004) Rapid Rise of Sea Level 19,000 years ago and its global implications. Science, 304, 1141-1144.
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2003

Feldberg, M. and Mix, A.C. (2003) Planktonic foraminifera, sea-surface temperatures, and mechanisms of oceanic change in the Peru and South Equatorial Currents, 0-150 ka BP. Paleoceanography, 18(1), 1016, doi:10.1029/2001PA000740, 1-16.

Torres, M., Mix, A.C., Kinports, K., Haley, B., Klinkhammer, G., McManus, J., and deAngelis, M. (2003) Is methane venting at the sea floor recorded by the d13C of benthic foraminifera shells? Paleoceanography, 18(3), 1062, doi:10.1029/2002PA000824, 13pp.
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2002

Clark, P.U. and Mix, A.C., eds. (2002) Ice Sheets and Sea Level of the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews, 21, (1-3), 454pp.

Clark, P.U. and Mix, A.C. (2002) Ice Sheets and Sealevels of the last glacial maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews, 21, 1-7.

Feldberg, M. and Mix, A.C. (2002) Sea surface temperature estimates in the Southeast Pacific Based on Planktonic Foraminiferal Species; Modern Calibration and Last Glacial Maximum. Marine Micropaleontology, 44, 1-29

Lyle, M., Mix, A.C., and Pisias, N.G. (2002) Patterns of CaCO3 deposition in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean for the last 150 kyr: Evidence for a southeast Pacific depositional spike during marine isotope stage (MIS) 2. Paleoceanography 17(2), 10.1029/2000PA000538, 13pp.

Torres, M.E., McManus, J., and Huh, C.-A. (2002) Fluid seepage along the San Clemente fault scarp: Impact on the geochemical barium cycles on a basin-wide scale. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 203, 181-194.
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2001

Beaufort, L., Garidel-Thoron, T., Mix, A.C., and Pisias, N.G. (2001) ENSO-like forcing on oceanic primary production during the late Pleistocene. Science, 293, 2440-2444.

Clark, P.D., Mix, A.C., and Bard, E. (2001) Ice Sheets and Sea Levels of the Last Glacial Maximum. EOS, 82(22), 241-247.

Herbert, T.D., Schuffert, J.D., Andreassen, D., Heusser, L., Lyle, M., Mix, A.C., Ravelo, A.C., Stott, L.D., and Herguera, J.C. (2001) Collapse of the California Current during glacial maxima linked to climate change on land. Science, 293, 71-76.

Lyle, M., Heusser, L., Herbert, T., Mix, A., and Barron, J. (2001) Interglacial theme and variations: 500 k.y. of orbital forcing and associated responses from the terrestrial and marine biosphere, U.S. Pacific Northwest. Geology, 29, 1115-1118.

Mix, A.C., Bard, E., and Schneider, R. (2001) Environmental Processes of the Ice Age: Land, Ocean, Glaciers (EPILOG). Quaternary Science Reviews, 20(4), 627-657.

Pisias, N.G., Mix, A.C., and Heusser, L. (2001) Millennial scale climate variability of the Northeast Pacific Ocean and Northwest North America based on Radiolaria and Pollen. Quaternary Science Reviews, 20, 1561-1576.
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2000

Clark, P., and Mix, A.C. (2000) Ice Sheets by Volume. Nature, 406, 689-690.

Heusser, L.E., Lyle, M., and Mix, A. (2000) Vegetation and climate of the northwest coast of North America during the last 500 k.y.: High-resolution pollen evidence from the northern California Margin. In: Lyle, M., Koizumi, I., Richter, C. and Moore, T.C. (eds.) Scientific Results, 167, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program) 217-226.

Lyle, M., Mix, A., Ravelo, C., Andreasen, D., Heusser, H, and Olivarez, A. (2000) Millennial scale CaCO3 and Corg events along the northern and central California Margin: Stratigraphy and origins. In: Lyle, M., Koizumi, I., Richter, C. and Moore, T.C. (eds.) Scientific Results, 167, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 163-182.

Murray, R.W., Knowlton, C., Leinen, M., Mix, A., and Polsky, C.H. (2000a) Export production and terrigenous matter in the central equatorial Pacific Ocean during interglacial oxygen isotope stage 11. Global and Planetary Change, 24, 59-78.

Murray, R.W., Knowlton, C., Leinen, M., Mix, A., and Polsky, C.H. (2000b) Export production and carbonate dissolution in the central equatorial Pacific over the past 1 Myr. Paleoceanography, 15, 570-592.

Ortiz, J.D., Mix, A.C., Wheeler, P., and Key, R.M. (2000) Anthropogenic CO2 invasion of the NE Pacific based on concurrent d13CDIC and nutrient profiles from the California Current. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14, 917-929.

Poore, R.Z., Dowsett, H.J., Barron, J.A., Heusser, L., Ravelo, A.C., and Mix, A. (2000) Multiproxy record of the last interglacial (MIS 5e) off central and northern California, USA, form Ocean Drilling Program Sites 1018 and 1020. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1632, 1-18.

Torres, M.E., Barry, J.P., Hubbard, D.A., and Suess, E. (2001) Reconstructing the history of fluid flow at cold seep sites from Ba/Ca in vesicomyid clam shells. Limnology and Oceanography, 46(7), 1701-1708.
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1999

Mix, A.C., Lund, D.C., Pisias, N.G., Bodén, P., Bornmalm, L., Lyle, M., and Pike, J. (1999) Rapid climate oscillations in the Northeast Pacific during the last deglaciation reflect northern and southern hemisphere sources. In: Mechanisms of Global Climate Change at Millennial Time Scales (P.U. Clark, R.S. Webb, L.D. Keigwin, eds.), AGU Monograph 112, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC, 127-148.

Mix, A.C., Morey, A.E., Pisias, N.G., and Hostetler, S. (1999) Foraminiferal faunal estimates of paleotemperatures: Circumventing the no-analog problems yields cool ice-age tropics. Paleoceanography, 14, 350-359.
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1998

Lund, D.C., and Mix, A.C. (1998) Millennial-scale deep water oscillations: Reflections of the North Atlantic in the deep Pacific from 10 to 60 ka. Paleoceanography, 13, 10-19.
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1997

Ortiz, J.D., Mix, A.C., Hostetler, S., and Kashgarian, M. (1997) The California Current of the last glacial maximum: reconstruction at 42oN based on multiple proxies. Paleoceanography, 12, 191-206.

Pisias, N.G. and Mix, A.C. (1997) Spatial and temporal oceanographic variability of the eastern equatorial Pacific during the late Pleistocene: Evidence from Radiolaria microfossils. Paleoceanography, 12, 381-393.
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1996

Hastings, D.W., Emerson, S.R., and Mix, A.C. (1996) Vanadium in foraminiferal calcite as a tracer for changes in the areal extent of reducing sediments. Paleoceanography, 11, 665-678.

Marcantonio, F., Anderson, R.F., Stute, M., Kumar, N., Schlosser, P., and Mix, A.C. (1996) Extraterrestrial 3He as a tracer of marine sediment transport and accumulation. Nature, 383, 705-707.

Ortiz, J.D., Mix, A.C., Rugh, W., Watkins, J.M., and Collier, R.W. (1996) Deep-dwelling planktonic foraminifera of the northeastern Pacific Ocean reveal environmental control of oxygen and carbon isotopic disequilibria. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 60 (22), 4509-4523.

Russell, A.D., Emerson, S., Mix, A.C., and Peterson, L.C. (1996) The use of foraminiferal uranium/calcium ratios as an indicator of changes in seawater uranium content. Paleoceanography, 11, 649-664.
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1995

Emeis, K.-C., Doose, H., Mix, A.C., and Schulz-Bull, D. (1995) Alkenone sea-surface temperatures and carbon burial at Site 846 (Eastern Equatorial Pacific): the last 1.3 M.Y. In: Pisias, N.G., L. Mayer, T. Janecek, A. Palmer-Julson, T.H. van Andel (eds.), Proc. ODP, Scientific Results, 138, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 605-614.

Le, J., Mix, A., and Shackleton, N.J. (1995) Pleistocene paleoceanography in the eastern equatorial Pacific from planktonic foraminifera: A high-resolution record from ODP Site 846. In: Pisias, N.G., L. Mayer, T. Janecek, A. Palmer-Julson, T.H. van Andel (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results 138, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 675-694.

Marcantonio, F., Kumar, N., Stute, N, Anderson, R.F., Seidl, M.A., Schlosser, P., and Mix, A. (1995) A comparative study of accumulation rates derived by He and Th isotope analysis of marine sediments. Earth Planetary Science Letters, 133, 549-555.

Mix, A.C., Le, J., and Shackleton, N.J. (1995) Benthic foraminifer stable isotope stratigraphy of Site 846: 0-1.8 Ma. In: Pisias, N.G., L. Mayer, T. Janecek, A. Palmer-Julson, T.H. van Andel (eds.), Proc. ODP, Scientific Results 138, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 839-856.

Mix, A.C., Pisias, N.G., Rugh, W., Wilson, J., Morey, A., and Hagelberg, T. (1995) Benthic foraminiferal stable isotope record from Site 849, 0-5 Ma: Local and global climate changes. In: Pisias, N.G., L. Mayer, T. Janecek, A. Palmer-Julson, T.H. van Andel (eds.), Proc. ODP, Scientific Results 138, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 371-412.

Pisias, N.G., Mayer, L., and Mix, A.C. (1995) Paleoceanography of the Eastern Equatorial Pacific during the Neogene: Synthesis of Leg 138 Drilling Results. In: Pisias, N.G., L. Mayer, T. Janecek, A. Palmer-Julson, T.H. van Andel (eds.), Scientific Results, 138, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 5-24.

Murray, R.W., Leinen, M., Murray, D.W., Mix, A.C., and Knowlton, C.W. (1995) Terrigenous Fe input and biogenic sedimentation in the glacial and interglacial equatorial Pacific Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 9, 667-684.

Ortiz, J.D., Mix, A.C., and Collier, R.W. (1995) Environmental control of living symbiotic and asymbiotic foraminifera of the California Current. Paleoceanography, 10, 987-1009.
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1994

Jasper, J., Hayes, J.M., Mix, A.C., and Prahl, F.G. (1994) Photosynthetic 13C fractionation and concentrations of dissolved CO2 in the central equatorial Pacific during the last 255,000 years. Paleoceanography 9, 781-798.
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1993

Imbrie et al., (1993) On the structure and origin of major glaciation cycles 2. The 100,000 year cycle. Paleoceanography, 8, 699-735.
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1992

Imbrie, J. et al., (1992) On the structure and origin of major glaciation cycles 1. Linear responses to Milankovitch forcing. Paleoceanography, 7, 701-738.

Mix, A.C. (1992) The marine oxygen-isotope record: Constraints on timing and extent of ice growth events (120-65 ka).In: P.U. Clark and P.D. Lea (eds.) The Last Interglacial-Glacial Transition in North America. Boulder, CO. Geological Society of America Special Paper 270, 19-30.

Shackleton, N.J., Le, J., Mix, A.C., and Hall, M. (1992) Carbon isotope records from Pacific surface waters and atmospheric carbon dioxide. Quaternary Science Reviews, 11, 387-400.
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1991

Zahn, R. and Mix, A.C. (1991) Benthic foraminiferal d18O in the oceans temperature-salinity-density field: Constraints on ice-age thermohaline circulation. Paleoceanography, 6, 1-20.

Zahn, R., Pedersen, T.F., Bornhold, B.D., and Mix, A.C. (1991) Water mass conversion in the glacial subarctic Pacific (54°N, 148°W). Physical constraints and the benthic-planktonic stable isotope record. Paleoceanography, 6, 543-560.
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1990

Pisias, N.G., Mix, A.C., and R. Zahn, R. (1990) Non-linear response in the global climate system: Evidence from benthic oxygen isotopic record in core RC13-110. Paleoceanography, 5, 147-160.
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1989

Mix, A.C. (1989) Pleistocene paleoproductivity: Evidence from organic carbon and foraminiferal species. In: Berger, W.H. et al., Productivity of the Ocean: Past and Present. Wiley, New York, 313-340.
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1988

Mix, A.C. and Pisias, N.G. (1988) Oxygen isotope analyses and deep-sea temperature changes: Implications for rates of oceanic mixing. Nature, 331, 249-251.
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Theses (2008 to present)

Alkire, M.B. (2010) Differentiating freshwater contributions and their variability to the surface and halocline layers of the Arctic and Subtarctic seas. PhD thesis, Oceanography (COAS), Oregon State University, 162p.

Bauska, T. (2013) Carbon cycle variability during the last millennium and last deglaciation. PhD thesis, Oregon State University, 209p.

Brunner, E.L. (2013) Insights from stable isotope dynamics into the sensitivity of larval Pacific Oysters to ocean acidification. MSc thesis, Oregon State University.

Burns, P.J. (2013) Glacier change in a basin of the Peruvian Andes and implications for water resources. MSc thesis, Water Resource Science, Oregon State University, 165p.

Cross, J. N., (2013). Carbon Biogeochemisrty of the Eastern Bering Sea Shelf. PhD thesis, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, 255 p.

Davies, M. H. (2011) Paleoclimate, paleoventilation, and paleomagnetism as recorded by a 17kyr marine sediment record from the SE Alaska margin. PhD. Thesis, Oceanography, 164p.

Ersek, V. (2008) Past climate variability in Southwestern Oregon and relationships with regional and hemispheric climate. PhD thesis, CEOAS, Oregon State University, 104p.

Hastings, R.H. (2011) A terrestrial organic matter depocenter on a high-energy margin adjacent to a low-sediment-yield river: the Umpqua River Margin, Oregon, MSc thesis, Oceanography, 96p.

Hatch, N.R. (2012) Foraging ecology and reproductive energetics of the Kittlitz’s murrelet (Brachyramphus brevirostris) in Southeastern Alaska. MSc Thesis, Dept. of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, 131p.

Holser, R.R. (2010) High-resolution sampling of particulate organic carbon in a coastal upwelling system. MSc thesis, Oceanography, 68p.

Hong, W-L. (2014) Application of transport-reaction modeling to constrain biogeochemical processes in marine sediments. PhD thesis, CEOAS, Oregon State University, 176p.

Hornung, J.P. (2011) Exploring the potential for using deep-sea bamboo corals (Isidella sp.) for paleoceanographic reconstructions. MSc thesis, Oceanography, 60p.

Jew, N.P. (2013) Paleocoastal resource use and human sedentism in island environments: A case study from California’s northern channel islands. PhD, University of Oregon, 272p.

Joseph, C.E. (2012) Methane sources, fluid flow, and diagenesis along the northern Cascadia Margin; Using authigenic carbonates and pore waters to link modern fluid flow to the past. MSc thesis, Oceanography, 110p.

Lewis, S.K. (2013) Reconnecting Aquatic Habitats: Validating Historical Habitat Use by Anadromous Fishes using Telemetry and Stable Isotope Analysis above Barriers. MSc Thesis, Dept. of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, 118p.

Marcott, S.A. (2011) Late Pleistocene and Holocene glacier and climate change. PhD thesis, Geology, 259p.

Marias, D. (2013) Impacts of Dwarf Mistletoe on the Physiology of host tsuga heterophylla trees as recorded in tree ring C and O stable isotopes. Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, 89p.

Miller, N.V. (2012) Evidence for methane release from laminated Bering Sea sediments during the penultimate glaciation. Undergraduate senior thesis, Williams College.

Moulton, L.A. (2011) Using stable isotopes and visual gut examinations to determine the diet composition of Peterostichus melanarius (Coleoptera : Carabiedae) in western Oregon vegetable row crops. MSc thesis, Department of Horticulture, Oregon State University, p. 57.

Muratli, J.M. (2009) Glacial to Holocene watermass and continental weathering reconstructions from the Southeast Pacific. MSc thesis, Oceanography, 163p.

Nithiropjpakdee, P. (2013) Diets and feeding tactics of fishes within assemblages in headwaters of eastern Thailand rivers. PhD thesis, Environmental Science, Burapha University, Thailand, 159p.

Praetorius, S.K. (2014) Abrupt deglacial climate changes in the North Pacific and implications for climate tipping points. PhD thesis, CEOAS, Oregon State University, 139p.

Saffell, B.J. (2013) Impacts of Swiss Needle Cast on Douglas-fir Tree-ring stable isotopes and tree carbohydrate reserves, MSc Thesis, Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, 102p.

Shakun, J.D. (2010) Analyzing large paleoclimate datasets: Implications for past and future climate change. PhD thesis, Dept of Geosciences, Oregon State University, 118p.

Somes, C.J. (2009) Nitrogen isotopes in a global ocean biogeochemical model: Constraints on the coupling between denitirification and nitrogen fixation. MSc thesis, Oceanography, 72p.

Strano, S.E. (2014) Deep-sea sediment paleomagnetism: A case study from the North Atlantic. PhD thesis, CEOAS, Oregon State University, 220p.

Wolhowe, M.D. (2014) Hydrogen isotopic composition of C37 alkenones and the ecology and physiology of coccolithophores. PhD thesis, CEOAS, Oregon State University, 170p.

Wolhowe, M.D. (2009) Determination of unsaturation- growth phase-,, and growth rate-dependent hydrogen isotopic fractionation in C37 alkenones producted by emiliania huxleyi. MS thesis, Oceanograpahy (COAS), Oregon State University, 99p.